Surajpur wetland is situated near Surajpur Village in Dadri Tehsil of District Gautam Budh Nagar under Greater Noida Industrial Development Authority, Uttar Pradesh, which comes under Western Wildlife Circuit. The area lies between Latitudes 280 31.425' N and Longitude 770 29.714' E at an elevation of 184.7m above msl. The wetland is located 800m from Delhi - Noida- Dadri Road, 6 Kms. from Dadri Railway Station, 26 Kms. from Delhi, 90 Kms. from Aligarh, 24 Kms. from Noida City and 3 Kms. from Greater Noida City, Uttar Pradesh. This area is Reserve Forest (Gulistanpur Forest Block and Khodna Khurd Forest Block) spread over 308 hec. (3.08 Km2) that includes 60 hec. (0.60 Km2) of natural wetland. The terrain of the area is almost plain, although the track divides the area into flat terrestrial form and deep wetland area. The lake area has fine grand soil called lacoustrine soil and suppose tropical moist and dry deciduous vegetation (Champion & Seth, 1968). Surajpur wetland is mainly rained - fed other sources for water recharge are casement area of Hawalia drain which is attached to Hindan River and the irrigation canal of Tilapta minor, which originates from Kulesra Bund Hindan River.
Surajpur is an excellent example of an urban wetland in Yamuna River basin. It forms suitable breeding ground for waterfowl such as Spot-billed Duck, Lesser-whistling Duck, Cotton Pygmy Goose, Comb Duck and wintering waterfowl such as Red-crested Pochard, Ferruginous Pochard, Bar-headed Goose, Greylag Goose, Common Teal, Northern Shoveler and Gadwall.
Since 2010 Uttar Pradesh Forest Department, in collaboration with WWF-India and with support of the Greater Noida Industrial Development Authority, has implemented a project for conservation, planning and development of Surajpur wetland. Thus, they are collectively making efforts to restore the bleak area into a lively bird sanctuary. Therefore, the wetland sets a unique example of protection and conservation of biodiversity close to urban areas.